what does "for the record" mean?

for the record
so that (one's own version of) the facts will be known; for open, public knowledge. (This often is said when thereare reporters present.) I'd like to say—for the record—that at no time have I ever accepted a bribe from anyone.For the record, I've never been able to get anything done around city hall without bribing someone.
See also: record
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of American Idioms and Phrasal Verbs. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

for the record
something that you say when you are about to tell someone something important that you want them toremember Just for the record, I've never been to his house and I've only met him a few times, whatever themedia is saying.
See also: record
Cambridge Idioms Dictionary, 2nd ed. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2006. Reproduced with permission.

for the record
1. officially and publicly He is a Congressman known for saying what other politicians will not say for the record.
2. (spoken) so that the facts are clear Just for the record, I was not even born when the events I'm describinghappened.
See also: record
Cambridge Dictionary of American Idioms Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2003. Reproduced with permission.

to do or to doing?

This may be a very easy question to many of you and may not deserve to be here. But it has been bothering me for a long time..
Should I add ing behind the verb after proceed to just like how it should be after look forward to?
Now proceed to writing on the paper.
Or should I just express it this way?
Now proceed to write on the paper.



In the first case, to is a preposition. Accordingly, the phrase proceed to means to make progress by moving to the next stage in a series of actions or events, or to move in a particular direction.
Therefore, in my opinion, a more suitable sentence would be:
Now, proceed with writing on the paper.
In the second case, to is the part of the infinitive to write, and describes the action you have in mind (take a look at proceed to do something), though, it is used sometimes to express surprise or annoyance.


"To" as a preposition indicates "writing" the next stage in a series. Its use would be appropriate given that context. Using "with" gives "proceed" an additional connotation, that of beginning or resuming an action. (e.g. "Since you cleaned the toilet you may proceed with playing your video games.") "To" emphasizes the series while "with" stresses the beginning/resumption. Without knowing the surrounding context it is difficult to judge which word is more suitable in the OP's example.








There is no/not?

Interesting question. I DON'T HAVE ANY absolute answers, but I HAVE SOMEcomments. I also HAVE NO absolute answer.

First, we can say "There isn't any/a", but we cannot say "There is no any/a". "Any/a" can be used with countable nouns, but we can't with "no" (ex. "There is no restaurants here."). Compare this with "There aren't any restaurants here." This is where these two forms meet. We have to change "is" to "are" ("There are no restaurants here" and "There aren't any restaurants here.")

To me, using "There is no" has a more concrete aspect to it ("There is no school today"). "There isn't any school today" sounds like there could be several schools, but we don't have to go to any of them today. In reality, we probably only go to one school, so even though "school" is countable it holds a quasi-noncountable quality to it.

Let's look at it the other way around. "There is no milk in the fridge". In this case, and in English books, I have only seen chapters where they try to get students to say "There isn't/aren't any". 

However, in certain cases, I think "There is no" would be perfectly fine. If both people are aware of what is being talked about, like with definite articles, then "There is no" would have more relevance.

A: Can you get that milk we bought yesterday out of the fridge?
B: Ok. I am looking, but there is no milk.

If one of the speakers doesn't know, "There isn't any" would have more relevance.

A: I am thirsty, can I have something to drink?
B: Ok. There is some orange juice and apple juice in the fridge, but there isn't any milk."

In conversation though, we treat them the same with a few exceptions.

"There is no turning back" / "There isn't any turning back(???)"
"There is no place like home" / "There isn't any place like home (???)"
"There are no cats" (???) / "There aren't any cats" - If the number is zero, then you only need to state there isn't 1, and logically "There are no cats" could just convey "There aren't 2 cats or more". It doesn't preclude there being 1, even though we usually assume it's zero.
"There are no tires in the trunk" / "There aren't any tires in the trunk" - This is the same as the school example. We would only have one tire, so as the cat example isn't clear enough, "There aren't any" goes too far conveying "There isn't the spare tire we would normally find, and there isn't another one either which we would never account for".

“More clear” vs “Clearer”: when to use “more” instead of “-er”?

“More clear” vs “Clearer”: when to use “more” instead of “-er”?

The basic rules of forming comparatives:
One syllable words take -er:
clear -> clearer
sweet -> sweeter
Multisyllable words take "more":
incredible -> more incredible (not "incredibler")
horrible -> more horrible (not "horribler")
Two-syllable words ending in consonant + y take "ier":
happy -> happier
pretty -> prettier
Both "more clear" and "clearer" are acceptable:
Your answer is more clear than mine.
Your answer is clearer than mine.
I would have thought that "clearer" was more common, but I find "more clear than" is actually much more common on Google than "clearer than".

a lot better or much better?

a lot better or much better? 

which one right?

Just Googled for a while. It seems that 'much' can be a modifier while 'a lot' cannot.

For the quiz, 
He speaks ____ better than Mary . 
A.a lot      B.much

You have to choose A, rather than B. 

However, when there is no 'then', it seems that 'a lot better' is common.

Examples: 

Much

Mary sings much better than Helen.
Her handwriting is much better than mine.

a lot better: 

I feel a lot better, thanks for asking.
"We can use a lot better science," he said."
I could have done a lot better.

If I am wrong, please leave a message and correct me. Thanks.