Free Download -- OXFORD Collocations Dictionary of English

OXFORD Collocations Dictionary of English is a completely new type of dictionary that will help students and advanced learners effectively study, write and speak natural-sounding English. The oxford online dictionary is also very helpful for the education of the IELTS, TOEFL tests. Download links: 


How to visit Google Dictionary?

What is Google Dictionary?


Google Dictionary was an online dictionary service of Google, originating in its Google Translate service.

However, the Google Dictionary website was terminated on August 5, 2011 after part of its functionality was integrated into Google Search using the define: operator. It should have caused inconvenience to some people. But Google Dictionary provides very useful service for English Learners, especially for people who prefer to read the explanations in English itself.

How can we visit Google Dictionary?

For more details about the json api, please refer to http://www.lleess.com/2013/03/googles-unofficial-dictionary-api-in.html

2. you can also use the "Google Dictionary" extension in Chrome.

However, I did not find any place to download Google Dictionary. 

You may be also interested in OXFORD Collocations Dictionary of English

in the literature or in literature?


Do you heard the expression "in literature" and "in the literature" (see as example the sentence below). What is the difference between them? 

"Information on the properties of brazed joints is normally 
provided by technical data sheets of the brazing fillers 
manufacturers and in the literature / in literature."


To me, in the literature talks about the specific collection of writings on a particular topic, while in literature references all written material in general. 

I don't think that in literature is correct here; brazed joints don't make a common theme throughout the world's writings. If we use in the literature, then the reference is to written work that deals with the topic of brazed joints, which is what I think the author wanted to say.

Generally, if you say "in literature" you are talking about writings of artistic merit. 

But, if you say "in the literature" it generally means the body of written material concerning a certain subject.
I would not consider technical information on brazed joints to be of a literary nature.

literature/ˈlɪtrətʃə(r)/ from Google Dictionary

Noun /ˈlit(ə)rəCHər/,/-ˌCHo͝or/,/-ˌt(y)o͝or/,

literatures, plural;
  1. Written works, esp. those considered of superior or lasting artistic merit
    • - a great work of literature
  2. Books and writings published on a particular subject
    • - the literature on environmental epidemiology
  3. The writings of a country or period
    • - early French literature
  4. Leaflets and other printed matter used to advertise products or give advice

    • The production or profession of writing


    How To Become Rich By Making Others Rich


    Getting rich has always been, and always will be, a popular human endeavor, a dream everyone pursues for one reason or another.
    Some pursue this dream the company builder way, setting up large hierarchical organizations and having people work for them: making themselves rich by making others poor. And others pursue this dream the business builder way, setting up business networks and having people work with them as partners, sharing the risks and rewards from the discovery and exploitation of new business opportunities:
    Making themselves rich by making others rich.
    Drawing on the experience of successful business builders like Steve JobsBill GatesLarry EllisonLarry Page and Sergey Brin, and so on, we outline six simple rules for becoming rich by making other rich:
    Rule 1: Have a Vision
    Have a clear vision, a set of ultimate goals you want to reach, an idea of the contribution you want to make to people’s lives; and a set of basic values to rule your behavior and your relations in pursuing these goals. Making money should be the end, not the cause of the business you want to be in.
    Rule 2: Share the Vision
    You cannot reach your vision alone. You must share it with others who are willing to walk down the same path as you. Some will walk at the same pace, staying next to you. Others will walk at a slower pace than you and be left behind. And a third group will walk faster than you and get ahead of you. But you should all remember that you walk towards the same destination.
    Rule 3: Execute
    Keep your sight on the dream, the business you want to build, and get the job done. Develop a network, a form of collective entrepreneurship that allows you and your associates to nurture and grow your business.
    Rule 4: Lead by Inspiration
    Never become complacent with what you have accomplished in the past. Always persuade and inspire your associates, serve as their role model and mentor to help them overcome the many hurdles of building a successful business.
    Rule 5: Train and Support
    Constantly train and support your associates. Train them on new products and new technologies, and on emerging trends. Support them with state-of-the art logistics and business practices that create the right mid-set, the morale for remaining focused and executing the business.
    Rule 6: Share the risks and rewards with those who are prepared to share your dream and contribute resources and energy to it.
    Business builders are like community leaders. They begin with people, vision, and relationships and advance with the creation of an organization and the shaping of a strategy. But unlike conventional community leaders who offer people charity and philanthropy, business builders offer choice and opportunity –Choice about what to do with their lives, and opportunity to better their lives.

    10 Things to impress your boss


     1. Show up for every check-in with the full agenda —send it a day or more ahead (Give your manager time and space to prepare)
      2. When you are asking your manager to communicate something (an email to the team, a reference letter, etc。), draft it for him or her (Editing is much easier than creating)
      3. Do a start-stop-continue analysis once a year on all of your key activities (Make yourself as efficient as possible—that’s your responsibility as much as your manager’s)
      4. Own your own development plan and check in on it at least quarterly (Those who own their own career paths progress more quickly down them)
      5. Read a relevant business book and ask your manager to discuss insights with you (Staying current in your field—books, articles, blog posts, videos, mentors, lectures—is key in a learning organization)
      6. Dress for success–even casual can be neat and “client ready” (Your presence has an impact on those around you. There’s no reason anyone should ever have to comment on your clothes, your hair, or any aspect of your personal hygiene)
      7. Respond to every email within a day, even if it’s to say you will respond longer form later
      8. End every meaningful interaction by asking for informal feedback on how you’re doing and what else you can be doing (Again, part of being in a learning organization or taking more tasks on is always a sign that you are ready for more responsibility)
      9. Do something that’s not required but that you feel is a best practice (This shows you’re on top of your game.One example:I send the Board a summary, the details, and the trending of all of my expenses every year.I don’t have to, but enough CEOs out there have high expense problems that I decided it’s a good practice.They all LOVE it)
      10. Show up for every check-in with your manager with a list of all staff issues and highlights (You need to bubble things up, both good and bad, so your manager is on top of his or her overall team and (a) is never surprised by events, (b) knows how best to handle skip-level communications, and (c) can think more broadly about resource deployment across the organization) 

    Polish your public speaking


    Public speaking is a regular — and regularly feared — part of life, so it's important to refine your skills. Here are four tips to help you polish your public speaking。
      1. Assess yourself. What part of public speaking makes you nervous? Where have you slipped up in the past? One reason public speaking is so nerve-racking is because there's so much to manage — your presence, your words, your delivery, and your reaction. Determine your weakest points, from stuttering to stiff hands, in order to tailor your speech improvement。
      2. Find opportunities to practice. It's hard to feel confident about speaking if it's something you rarely do, so look for the chance to polish your technique in everyday life. At a dinner party? Offer to give the toast. Working on a new project at the office? Present it at the weekly staff meeting. Public speaking is like anything else: the more you do it, the better you'll become。
      3. Dress the part. Confidence is crucial, and you'll be much more sure of yourself if you know that your appearance conveys a sense of authority. It's important to look put-together, and the focus should be on your words, not your outfit。
      4. Prepare, prepare, prepare. Begin with standard prep techniques, like writing note cards and practicing in front of your friends, but also take the time to do some research. Find out as much as you can about your audience, the environment, and the tools and media that will be available. Most importantly, be sure that you're achieving what was asked of you — confirm that you're answering the right question and fulfilling the expectations of your audience。
    Above all else, learn to relax. Everyone understands the stress and pressure involved with public speaking, so know that your audience will be empathetic toward your efforts. Just remember the basics — to stand up straight, smile, and make eye contact — and be yourself, because genuine enthusiasm are key to making great connections。

    Article, To omit, or not to omit, a (an) and the?


    Article, omission of To omit, or not to omit, a (an) and the?

    Omission of the definite or indefinite article before a noun or noun phrase in apposition to a name is a journalistic device, e. g.

    • Clarissa, American business woman, comes to England (Radio Times) 
    • Nansen, hero and humanitarian, moves among them (The Times)

    It is more natural to write an American business woman, the hero and humanitarian.
    Similarly, when the name is in apposition to the noun or noun phrase, and the article is omitted, the effect is of journalistic style, e. g.
    • NUM President Arthur Scargill 
    • Best-selling novelist Barbara Cartland
    • Unemployed labourer William Smith
    Preferably write: The NUM President, The best-selling novelist, An unemployed labourer (with a comma before and after the name which follows).
    After as it is possible to omit a or the, e. g.
    • As manipulator of words, the author reminded me of X. Y.
    • The Soviet system could no longer be regarded as sole model for Communism everywhere

    It is preferable not to omit these words, however, except where the noun or noun phrase following is treated as a kind of generic mass noun, e. g.
    • The vivid relation between himself, as man, and the sunflower, as sunflower (D. H. Lawrence)


    Preposition usage in a picture

    Wondering the difference among in/inside, on, at, etc. ?
    No worries. You do not need a teacher or refer to a book.
    Just have a look at the picture, then you know the exact differences.


    How to quit your job?

    1. I want to expand my horizons.

    2. I've made a tough decision, sir. Here is my resignation.

    3. I quit because I don't want to be stuck in a rut. I want to move on.

    4. First of all, I'd like to say that I've really enjoyed working with you.
    However, I think it's about time for me to leave.

    5. I've been trying, but I don't think I'm up to this job.

    6. I've been here for too long. I want to change my environment.

    7. I'm sorry to bring up my resignation at this moment,
    but I've decided to study abroad.

    8. To be honest, I've got a better a offer.

    9. I'm running out of steam. I need to take a break.

    10. I'm quitting because I want to try something different. 

    Howto: “Use” versus “Usage”


    The words “use” and “usage” are often used in the same way by many English speakers (both native speakers and second language learners).  The meanings of these two words do overlap sometimes, but they are not true synonymous.  The word “use” has many more meanings and applications than the word “usage.”  Some people use the word “usage” as though it were just a fancier form of the word “use,” but this is not the best way to use the word.  In general, if either “use” or “usage” seems like it could work in a sentence the best choice is probably “use” as this is a more commonly used word with more meanings.  The word “use” can in fact be either a noun or a verb and in many dictionaries this word has over 15 different definitions!  On the other hand, the word “usage” is always a noun and the majority of time has a meaning related to a ‘customary’ or ‘habitual’ nature.  Here are some of the most common definitions for these two words.
    Refer them to Google Dictionary:
    use:
    (n) the act of using, employing or putting into service
    Example:  The use of tools was a major advancement for humans.
    (n) what something is used for
    The paint brush is of use to the painter.
    (v) to put into service; to make work
    Example: Please use the machine to wash your clothes.
    (v) take or consume
    Example: My grandmother used all of her medicine and needs more.
    usage:
    (n) accepted or habitual practice
    Example: The manager always reviews the usage of benefits.
    (n) the customary manner in which a language (or a form of a language) is spoken or written
    Example: The English usage of the word “the” is different from other languages.
    In general when thinking about how these words are different it is helpful to keep in mind that the term “usage” refers to conventions or patterns and often refers to language or words and how they are used, accepted, and understood.  The word “use” has a much broader meaning and is found in more contexts.  In my opinion, when in doubt, use the word “use.”